Popular culture can paint men as the stronger sex, but from the moment a child is born, her life is more likely that her sister which was cut short. Across borders and cultural, men die an average of seven years earlier than women, the disparity in the United States is approximately five years. In a new book, Why Men Die First, Marianne Legato, a specialist in gender-specific medicine at Columbia University, explains: They are genetically and biologically fragile to begin with, he says, and social norms that encourage demand and even risky behavior of men put at risk. Still, he told U.S. News Legato, men and their families can turn back. He highlighted seven reasons why men die prematurely-and seven actions they can take to prolong their time.
1. Men charged with natural genetic deficits.
While every cell in the body of a woman has two large X chromosomes, men have one X and one Y chromosome smallest; And it is half the size. The "replacement" X chromosomes allow the bodies of women compared to compensate for the damage so that men can not cells. In addition, the mutations are of three to six times more likely in a Y chromosome that a chromosome X. This genetic deficit could be part of the reason why miscarriages, infections, birth defects, cancer and many other health problems strike men especially hard.
2. The uterus is more treacherous for children.
Baby and Children are one-half to two times more likely to die at birth than girls. A weak immune system, a tendency for the development of immature lungs, insufficient blood flow to the male fetuses, and high vulnerability to motherhood stresses seem to be the culprits. Bleeding in the brain, birth defects, pneumonia and urinary tract infections are more common among male newborns.
3. Men are more likely to have disorders of development.
An article published in the British Medical Journal notes that a variety of disorders, including reading delays, deafness, autism, ADHD, blindness, seizures, hyperactivity disorder, clumsiness, stammering, and Tourette's syndrome is between three and four times more common in boys than girls. There are 10 men for every woman with Asperger syndrome, a mild form of autism.
4. They are biologically more prone to risky behaviors.
More slow development in the area of the brain that governs judgement men-especially adolescents-more likely than girls to die in accidents. According to a National Safety Council statistics, men were involved in 82 percent of accidental deaths related to firearms, 87 percent of bicycle-related fatalities, almost twice the number of deaths by poisoning, and almost four times more homicides in 2004. Similarly, in 2006 they were in 81 percent of fatal accidents involving drunk driving.
5. A "suck-it-up" culture of men usually means languish with depression.
Although women are more likely to make suicide attempts, the ratio of men to women who commit suicide is actually almost 4 to 1. For men, ages 20 to 24, fully 15 percent of all deaths are suicides.
6. Men choose most hazardous occupations.
Most of the sailors, firemen, policemen, construction workers, and farmers are men. Of the 5734 deaths that occurred on the job in 2005, men were the victims in the vast majority-5328. And men remain the vast majority of the fighting during military conflicts.
7. Heart disease strikes men early.
Estrogen seems to protect women from heart disease until well into adulthood, but it is common for symptoms start in the men's age 35. Making matters worse, men have naturally low levels of protective HDL cholesterol. The result: between 70 percent and 89 percent of all sudden cardiac events occur in men, and men three times more often die of coronary artery disease than women.
Seven things that men can do to lengthen your life
1. Know your blood pressure no matter what their age; exercise vigorously every day to enhance their naturally low levels of HDL cholesterol, and begins to receive evidence of coronary artery disease in their twenties.
2. Go to the doctor and tell him or her if you have a health problem whatsoever. Our culture can reward stoicism behavior of men; disease. This is especially true for men who feel sad or depressed for long periods. It is very common for men to internalize and ignoring their problems. Seek help.
3. Monitor your behavior and to minimize the tendency to act in a manner boneheaded. You know better than to drive recklessly, ignoring the security protocols at work, or operate machinery while intoxicated.
4. Keep overweight to avoid a phalanx of chronic diseases that will affect their quality of life long before they actually kill you. Heart disease, diabetes and prostate cancer are some very common risks associated with being overweight that often have a toll on his welfare, including the ability to have an erection-long before life is really short. In some cases, is itself the disease that causes sexual problems and other medications or surgery are used to treat the disease to take the toll.
5. Do not smoke. According to the American Cancer Society, smokers who quit smoking 35 years can expect to live up to eight and a half years rather than continuing smokers. Risk begins to diminish within months and falls in levels of non-smokers in three to five years.
6. Not afraid of digital rectal exams. PSA screening for prostate cancer is controversial because it could pick up tiny cancers that are not clinically important, but there is little doubt that digital examinations reveal dangerous cancer that must be addressed. The same goes for colonoscopies. They are uncomfortable, yes, but much less than malignant colon cancer and chemotherapy.
7. Protect your head and tell your doctor if you are being especially hard Ding. A CT scan may be necessary. Conclusions may seem harmless but can cause long-term brain hemorrhage that lead to memory problems, interrupted sleep, and personality changes that last a lifetime.